Origin: United Kingdom
In 1727, Edward Scarlett (abbreviated to Ed.Scarlett in his newspaper advertisements at the time) made a breakthrough that was to forever change the world of optics. Whilst his contemporaries had attempted to stabilise the balance of spectacle frames on the nose by adding devices such as hooks and chains that could be secured to hats and wigs, Scarlett realised that most of his customers had a couple of natural supports that sat either side of their heads - their ears! Almost three hundred years later, Scarlett's genius idea to add hinged temples to spectacle frames continues to be incorporated in the design of almost every pair of glasses produced in the world. It is perhaps regrettable that he didn't register a patent... but the story remains the stuff of legend.